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Diabetes is on the increase in America

New data on diabetes in the United States has found 13% of adults aged over 20 years have diabetes. The concern however is that 40% of those have not yet been diagnosed.

This study has shown an increase in diabetes in America compared to previous studies.

The diabetes survey

Researchers studied almost 7,300 people aged over 12 years who were interviewed in 2005 and 2006. Participants also had blood glucose measurements taken. This data was compared to earlier data gathered from 1988 to 1994.

This survey also included results from an oral glucose tolerance test which had not been used for 15 years. The oral glucose tolerance test is a more sensitive blood glucose test.

The study was lead by Catherine Cowie from the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, a part of the National Institutes of Health.

Survey results

  • nearly 13% of adults aged over 20 years have diabetes.
  • 40% of those have not been diagnosed yet.
  • 30% of adults have pre-diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes accounts for up to 95% of all diabetes cases and almost all cases of undiagnosed diabetes.
  • Diabetes prevalence was virtually the same in men and women.
  • Pre-diabetes is more common in men than in women (36% in men compared to 23% in women).

Researchers recommendation

Joanne Gallivan, director of the National Diabetes Education Program said, “It’s important to know if you have diabetes or pre-diabetes, because there’s so much you can do to preserve your health.” She added, “You should talk to your health care professional about your risk.”

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